Bombardier and Alstom Sign Definitive Agreement for Sale of Transportation Business

  • Sale based on enterprise value of $8.4 billion (EUR 7.15B), reflecting a post–MOU $350M (300M) price reduction, offset by positive foreign currency impact
  • Net proceeds to Bombardier expected to be ~$4.0B at closing
  • Closing now expected in the first quarter of 2021, subject to customary closing conditions and remaining regulatory approvals

All amounts in this press release are in U.S. dollars unless otherwise indicated. Amounts in EUR in this press release are converted to USD at an approximate 1:1.17 exchange rate.

MONTREAL, Sept. 16, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Bombardier (TSX: BBD.B) today announced that it has signed a definitive Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA), with Alstom SA and the Caisse de dpt et placement du Qubec ("la Caisse") for the sale of its Transportation business to Alstom.

Under the SPA, Bombardier and la Caisse will sell their interests in Bombardier Transportation to Alstom on the basis of an enterprise value of $8.4 billion (EUR 7.15B), reflecting a $350M (EUR 300M) price reduction from the previously announced Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), offset by the impact of a more favourable currency exchange rate.

Based on Bombardier Transportation's current operational performance and market conditions, total proceeds after the deduction of debt–like items, transferred liabilities and estimated closing adjustments1 are expected to be $6.2B, based on the lower end of the range agreed to in the SPA. After deducting la Caisse's equity position of $2.2B billion, Bombardier expects net proceeds of ~ $4.0B2. This amount includes $585M (EUR 500M) of Alstom shares for a fixed subscription price of EUR 47.50 per share, monetizable after a three–month lock–up post–closing.

"Today's announcement marks a significant milestone towards achieving our near–term priorities and repositioning Bombardier as a pure–play business jet company," said ric Martel, President and Chief Executive Officer, Bombardier Inc. "The proceeds from this transaction will allow us to begin reshaping our capital structure and start addressing our balance sheet through debt paydown, so that we can achieve the full potential of our incredibly talented employees and our industry leading business jet portfolio."

The signing of the SPA follows the completion of the required works council consultations. With regulatory approvals obtained from several jurisdictions, including the European Commission, the transaction closing is now expected in the first quarter of 2021, subject to the completion of the remaining regulatory reviews and other customary closing conditions, as well as Alstom shareholders' approval at the company's upcoming October 29, 2020 Extraordinary Shareholders' Meeting.

About Bombardier
With nearly 60,000 employees across two business segments, Bombardier is a global leader in the transportation industry, creating innovative and game–changing planes and trains. Our products and services provide world–class transportation experiences that set new standards in passenger comfort, energy efficiency, reliability and safety.

Headquartered in Montral, Canada, Bombardier has production and engineering sites in over 25 countries across the segments of Aviation and Transportation. Bombardier shares are traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (BBD). In the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, Bombardier posted revenues of $15.8 billion. News and information are available at bombardier.com or follow us on Twitter @Bombardier.

1 Includes the impact from obligations related to achieving a minimum cash balance at Bombardier Transportation at the end of 2020.
2 While the SPA is based on EUR currency, the parties have agreed that net cash proceeds to Bombardier will be paid in USD at the current /USD exchange rate.

Bombardier is a trademark of Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries.

For information

Jessica McDonald Patrick Ghoche
Advisor, Media Relations and Public Affairs Vice President, Corporate Strategy and Investor Relations
Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Inc.
+514 861 9481 +514 861 5727
jessica.mcdonald@bombardier.com

FORWARD–LOOKING STATEMENTS

This press release includes forward–looking statements, which may involve, but are not limited to: statements with respect to our objectives, anticipations and outlook or guidance in respect of various financial and global metrics and sources of contribution thereto, targets, goals, priorities, market and strategies, financial position, market position, capabilities, competitive strengths, credit ratings, beliefs, prospects, plans, expectations, anticipations, estimates and intentions; general economic and business outlook, prospects and trends of an industry; expected demand for products and services; growth strategy; product development, including projected design, characteristics, capacity or performance; expected or scheduled entry–into–service of products and services, orders, deliveries, testing, lead times, certifications and project execution in general; competitive position; expectations regarding challenging Transportation projects and the release of working capital therefrom; expectations regarding revenue and backlog mix; the expected impact of the legislative and regulatory environment and legal proceedings; strength of capital profile and balance sheet, creditworthiness, available liquidities and capital resources and expected financial requirements; productivity enhancements, operational efficiencies and restructuring initiatives; expectations and objectives regarding debt repayments and refinancing of bank facilities and maturities; expectations regarding availability of government assistance programs, compliance with restrictive debt covenants; expectations regarding the declaration and payment of dividends on our preferred shares; intentions and objectives for our programs, assets and operations; and the impact of the COVID–19 pandemic on the foregoing and the effectiveness of plans and measures we have implemented in response thereto. As it relates to the transaction discussed herein, this press release also contains forward–looking statements with respect to: the expected terms, conditions, and timing for completion thereof; the anticipated proceeds and use thereof and/or consideration therefor, as well as the anticipated benefits of such transaction and their expected impact on our outlook, guidance and targets, operations, infrastructure, opportunities, financial condition and cash on hand, business plan and overall strategy (including our expectation of a deleveraged profile and reshaped capital structure and the retiring of la Caisse's preferred equity in Transportation); and the fact that closing of this transaction will be conditioned on certain events occurring, including without limitation the receipt of necessary regulatory approvals and receipt of Alstom shareholder approval in respect of the required capital increase.

Forward–looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward–looking terminology such as "may", "will", "shall", "can", "expect", "estimate", "intend", "anticipate", "plan", "foresee", "believe", "continue", "maintain" or "align", the negative of these terms, variations of them or similar terminology. Forward–looking statements are presented for the purpose of assisting investors and others in understanding certain key elements of our current objectives, strategic priorities, expectations, outlook and plans, and in obtaining a better understanding of our business and anticipated operating environment. Readers are cautioned that such information may not be appropriate for other purposes.

By their nature, forward–looking statements require management to make assumptions and are subject to important known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause our actual results in future periods to differ materially from forecast results set forth in forward–looking statements. While management considers these assumptions to be reasonable and appropriate based on information currently available, there is risk that they may not be accurate. The assumptions underlying the forward–looking statements made in this press release in relation to the transaction discussed herein include the following material assumptions: the satisfaction of all closing conditions (including without limitation receipt of regulatory approvals on acceptable terms within commonly experienced time frames and receipt of Alstom shareholder approval in respect of the required capital increase) and successful completion of such transaction within the anticipated timeframe, the realization of the intended benefits therefrom (including receipt of expected proceeds and intended use thereof) within the anticipated timeframe; our ability to retain key management and employees during the pendency and following completion of the transaction; our ability to satisfy our liabilities and meet our financial covenants and debt service obligations during the pendency and following completion of the transaction; our ability to access the capital markets as needed during the pendency and following completion of the transaction; and fulfillment by the other parties of their respective obligations, commitments and undertakings pursuant to transaction documentation. For additional information, including with respect to the other assumptions underlying the forward–looking statements made in this press release, refer to the assumptions below the Forward–looking statements in the MD&A of our financial report for the three–and six–month periods ended June 30, 2020 and the Strategic Priorities and Guidance and forward–looking statements sections in the applicable reportable segment in the MD&A of our financial report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Given the impact of the changing circumstances surrounding the COVID–19 pandemic and the related response from Bombardier, governments (federal, provincial and municipal), regulatory authorities, businesses and customers, there is inherently more uncertainty associated with our assumptions as compared to prior periods.

Certain factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward–looking statements include, but are not limited to, risks associated with general economic conditions, risks associated with our business environment (such as risks associated with "Brexit", the financial condition of the airline industry, business aircraft customers, and the rail industry; trade policy; increased competition; political instability and force majeure events or global climate change), operational risks (such as risks related to developing new products and services; development of new business and awarding of new contracts; book–to–bill ratio and order backlog; the certification and homologation of products and services; fixed–price and fixed–term commitments and production and project execution, including challenges associated with certain Transportation projects; pressures on cash flows and capital expenditures based on project–cycle fluctuations and seasonality; execution of our strategy, transformation plan, productivity enhancements, operational efficiencies and restructuring initiatives; doing business with partners; inadequacy of cash planning and management and project funding; product performance warranty and casualty claim losses; regulatory and legal proceedings; environmental, health and safety risks; dependence on certain customers, contracts and suppliers; supply chain risks; human resources; reliance on information systems; reliance on and protection of intellectual property rights; reputation risks; risk management; tax matters; and adequacy of insurance coverage), financing risks (such as risks related to liquidity and access to capital markets; retirement benefit plan risk; exposure to credit risk; substantial debt and interest payment requirements; restrictive debt covenants and minimum cash levels; financing support for the benefit of certain customers; and reliance on government support), market risks (such as foreign currency fluctuations; changing interest rates; decreases in residual values; increases in commodity prices; and inflation rate fluctuations). For more details, see the Risks and uncertainties section in Other in the MD&A of our financial report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Any one or more of the foregoing factors may be exacerbated by the growing COVID–19 outbreak and may have a significantly more severe impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition than in the absence of such outbreak. As a result of the current COVID–19 pandemic, additional factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward–looking statements include, but are not limited to: risks related to the impact and effects of the COVID–19 pandemic on economic conditions and financial markets and the resulting impact on our business, operations, capital resources, liquidity, financial condition, margins, prospects and results; uncertainty regarding the magnitude and length of economic disruption as a result of the COVID–19 outbreak and the resulting effects on the demand environment for our products and services; emergency measures and restrictions imposed by public health authorities or governments, fiscal and monetary policy responses by governments and financial institutions; disruptions to global supply chain, customers, workforce, counterparties and third–party service providers; further disruptions to operations, production, project execution and deliveries; technology, privacy, cyber security and reputational risks; and other unforeseen adverse events.

With respect to the transaction discussed herein specifically, certain factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward–looking statements include, but are not limited to: the failure to receive or delay in receiving regulatory approvals on acceptable terms, the failure to receive or delay in receiving Alstom shareholder approval in respect of the required capital increase, the occurrence of a material adverse change, or otherwise satisfy the conditions to the completion of this transaction or delay in completing, and uncertainty regarding the length of time required to complete, such transaction, and all or part of the intended benefits therefrom not being realized and all or part of the anticipated proceeds therefrom not being available to us within the anticipated timeframe, or at all, or it is determined, necessary or required to direct all or part of the anticipated proceeds therefrom towards other uses than those identified in this press release; and alternate sources of funding to replace the anticipated proceeds from such transaction may not be available when needed, or on desirable terms; the occurrence of an event which would allow the parties to terminate their obligations, commitments and undertakings pursuant to transaction documentation; changes in the terms of the transaction; the failure by the parties to fulfill their obligations, commitments and undertakings pursuant to transaction documentation; Bombardier being unable to satisfy its liabilities and meet its financial covenants and debt service obligations during the pendency and following completion of the transaction; the failure to retain our key management, personnel and clients during the pendency and following completion of the transaction and risks associated with the loss and replacement of key management and personnel; and the impact of the announcement of the transaction on our relationships with third parties, including potentially resulting in the loss of clients, employees, suppliers, business partners or other benefits and goodwill of the business. There is no certainty, nor can we provide any assurance, that the conditions to closing of the proposed transaction will be satisfied or, if satisfied, when they will be satisfied. If the proposed transaction is not completed for any reason, there is a risk that the announcement of such transaction and the dedication of substantial resources of Bombardier to the completion thereof could have a negative impact on our operating results and business generally, and could have a material adverse effect on our current and future operations, financial condition and prospects, including the loss of investor confidence in connection with our ability to execute its strategic plan. In addition, failure to complete the proposed transaction for any reason could materially negatively impact the market price of our securities. If the proposed transaction is not completed for any reason, there can be no assurance that management will be successful in its efforts to identify and implement other strategic alternatives that would be in the best interests of Bombardier and its stakeholders within the context of existing market, regulatory and competitive conditions in the industries in which we operate, on favourable terms and timing or at all, and, if implemented, that such actions would have the planned results. We also have incurred significant transaction and related costs in connection with the proposed transaction, and additional significant or unanticipated costs may be incurred.

Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list of factors that may affect future growth, results and performance is not exhaustive and undue reliance should not be placed on forward–looking statements. For more details, see the Risks and uncertainties sections in Other in the MD&A of our financial report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Other risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we presently believe are not material could also cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward–looking statements. The forward–looking statements set forth herein reflect management's expectations as at the date of this press release and are subject to change after such date. Unless otherwise required by applicable securities laws, we expressly disclaim any intention, and assume no obligation to update or revise any forward–looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. The forward–looking statements contained in this press release are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement.

State-Owned Companies Are Key to Climate Success in Developing Countries, but Are Often Overlooked in the International Dialogue

When it comes to climate, state-owned enterprises are and will remain major actors in energy and other sectors that are central to the low-carbon effort. Credit: IPS.

When it comes to climate, state-owned enterprises are and will remain major actors in energy and other sectors that are central to the low-carbon effort. Credit: IPS.

By Philippe Benoit
WASHINGTON, Sep 16 2020 – Later this month, government officials and climate stakeholders will once again converge on New York City (this time virtually) for Climate Week and the United Nations meetings.  And while there will be much discussion about the important role that actors such as private businesses, civil society and cities will need to play in the climate change effort, there will once again be relatively little discussion about one key cohort: government-owned companies. 

Although these companies are not prominent in many of the OECD countries that to date have dominated the climate change dialogue, they are major drivers of greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in emerging economies and other developing countries. To meet the global warming goals of the Paris Agreement, these government-owned companies must receive greater attention in climate discussions.

Globally, government-owned companies (also referred to as state-owned enterprises or “SOEs”) annually emit over 6.2 gigatons of carbon dioxide-equivalent in energy sector greenhouse gases.  This is more than all the emissions of the United States, or of the combined total of the  European Union and Japan.  In China, the world’s highest emitting country, its state companies are responsible for over half of national energy emissions.

The importance of state-owned enterprises to the climate effort is not only about emissions, it is also about the low-carbon alternatives they provide.  Governments own over half of the world’s zero-carbon utility-scale electricity generation

SOEs are often controversial, generally viewed as inefficient by the development community that has sought to reform or even eliminate them — but when it comes to climate, these companies are and will remain major actors in energy and other sectors that are central to the low-carbon effort.

SOEs are important players in the power sector that is responsible for 40% of global energy emissions.  These companies are particularly weighty in many of the developing world’s power systems, notably in coal generation  that is key to reducing emissions.

Whether it is the larger emerging economies of Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico or South Africa or many smaller poorer developing companies (or even some advanced economies, such as France), government-owned companies are the lead players in electricity.

Oil and gas companies generate 15% of total energy GHG emissions through their own production and other operations, and provide the petroleum products burnt by others.   While many of the best-known companies are private sector ones, such as ExxonMobil, Shell and BP, most of the world’s oil reserves are owned by national oil companies and their governments,  and the world’s most profitable company in 2018 was state-owned Saudi Aramco.

Governments also own some of the largest coal mining companies in the world.  These oil, gas and coal producers present a particular challenge for the low-carbon transition because their corporate purpose is intertwined with fossil fuel production.

SOEs are also very present in heavy industry (such as steel, cement and chemicals) which uses large amounts of fossil fuels and produces correspondingly high amounts of emissions.  Many of the world’s urban transit systems are also major consumers of energy: from Latin America to Asia, and even in New York City and other major U.S. cities, the buses and other transport that people ride and which produce emissions are owned by government entities (often cities and regional organizations).

The importance of SOEs to the climate effort is not only about emissions, it is also about the low-carbon alternatives they provide.  Governments own over half of the world’s zero-carbon utility-scale electricity generation.

Similarly, state-owned cement and steel companies in India and elsewhere are developing energy efficiency and other low-carbon technologies to reduce their emissions, and many urban transit systems are reducing their carbon footprints by acquiring electric buses and making energy efficiency investments.

Moreover, the state plays a major role in funding both high- and low-carbon projects.  While much media attention is given to announcements by leading private international banks, state-owned banks are amongst the world’s largest financial institutions.

In many emerging economies and developing countries throughout Asia, Latin America and Africa, state-owned development and commercial banks are major sources of funding for energy projects, including smaller-scale low-carbon investments by the private sector.

One specific and often overlooked class of state-owned banks that plays an important role in the energy transition is multilateral financial institutions, such as the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank.  These organizations are not generally viewed as SOEs, but they are — it is merely that they are owned by several national governments simultaneously.

And, finally, SOEs play a critical role in adaptation and resilience.  Many of the world’s electricity transmission and distribution systems are owned and operated by government entities.  State Grid Corporation of China is the largest with over 1 billion customers.

Even as countries have moved to liberalize their power markets to promote private sector participation in generation, the electricity grid often remains under state control (e.g., in the form of an independent system operator).

The government also plays a central ownership role in many natural gas and other energy networks.  When hurricanes hit or rivers flood roads and towns or high winds knock down transmission lines, it is often up to government entities to get the energy system running again.  As the prospect for extreme weather events increases, SOEs will face a growing challenge to deliver resilient energy systems.

From emissions to low-carbon alternatives, from power to oil and gas and coal, from heavy industry to transport, from financing to resilience, state-owned enterprises are critical actors in the climate change effort.  They are also in many ways a class unto themselves, albeit a diverse one.

Their government ownership distinguishes them from the private sector actors that have generally been targeted in the conceptualization of climate policy tools (such as carbon taxes and other liberalized market-oriented instruments).  Given the importance of state-owned enterprises in driving emissions, more thought and attention need to be paid to developing SOE-tailored tools to effectively engage them in climate action.

 

Philippe Benoit is Managing Director for Global Infrastructure Advisory Services 2050 and has written extensively on the issue of state-owned enterprises and climate.  He was previously the Head of the Energy Environment Division at the International Energy Agency and Energy Sector Manager for Latin America at the World Bank.